The Coriander


Origin
The origin of coriander (Coriandrum sativum) is not known with certainty, but it is likely that it comes from the Mediterranean region and West Asia. Its name comes from the Greek "kóris", which means "bug" because of the strong smell of its seeds when they are still green.


General information
Coriander is an annual herbaceous plant that only has a few varieties. It is also known as "Cilantro" or "Chinese parsley" among others. Her leaves, her roots and her fruits are used in cooking. It is probably one of the most used herbs in the world thanks to its delicious taste.

Hardy Middle
Watering Regular
Exposure Semi-shade
Lifespan Annual


Culture
Coriander propagation is done by direct seeding. This condimentary plant is very easy to grow, but it must be sown directly because it does not like to be transplanted. The best time is in spring, burying the seeds 1-2 cm deep (in line or in holes) and leaving 30 - 40 cm between each row. As soon as the first leaves appear, seedlings should be thinned out to 10-20 cm apart. Germination takes place within 15 days. For being a plant that bolds quickly to seed, it is better to do a succession planting which will result in staggered harvest over a longer period.


Location / Exposure
This aromatic plant can be grown both indoor and outdoor. It grows in any climate except extreme climates. It likes common fertility soils with good drainage and regular watering. The soil should be light and friable, but not too wet or too dry, and never soaked. It needs sun but also shade from time to time, it's why it likes temperate climates. It must also be protected from extreme conditions such as strong wind or heavy rain.


Care
It is necessary to water regularly at the feet of the coriander so that they can produce beautiful leaves. It's also important to take care to cut the flower buds as soon as they appear to avoid that it goes to seed prematurely. As it is a tall plant, it is very likely that it needs stakes to support the weight of its flowers and seeds.


Harvest
Harvesting can begin about 2 months after sowing but does not last very long because the plant tends to go to seed quickly. It is best to harvest in the morning or afternoon to avoid high temperatures, and to do it before flowering to enjoy its best taste (it blooms in summer).


Overwintering
Coriander is a hardy plant, but if it has been sown directly in a cold place it will be much more resistant than if it grew up in a warm place (inside) and later moved out.